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2018年4月14日GRE考试填空真题机经解析

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发表于 2018-10-25 18:09:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年4月14日GRE考试填空真题机经解析
(前面数字分别代表section数和第几题,例如23-4代表第23section第4题)
23-4 The author of this political history text shows considerable bias against the political party when assigning credit or blame for its actions: he deems (i)_____ what he favors and avoids what he (ii)_____.
A. p**inent
D. condemns
B. inevitable
E. condones
C. divided
F. ignores解析:冒号后面的内容主要体现bias,然后注意这个题的against不能翻译成“反对”,而应该翻译成“对于”,韦氏释义“in a direction of and into contact with”。所以他喜欢的东西一定是好的,他避免的东西是他不喜欢的东西,所以第一空选B选项,第二空选D选项。inevitable必然的,condemn谴责。注意这个题不能选p**inent,因为p**inent这个词只有“相关的”意思,没有正面的意思。
翻译:这个政治历史文章的作者在或褒或贬这个政党的行为时表现出的相当大的偏见:他认为他喜欢的必须要有,同时回避他所谴责的东西。
56-1  Needing an advocate who would be both precise and succinct, they rejected McLintock, whose inveterate _____ would automatically preclude meeting those requirements.
A. punctiliousness
B. concision
C. cautiousness
D. imp**urbability
E. prolixity
解析:因为需要的是succinct的人,所以空格要填入succinct的反义词,正确答案选E选项,prolixity冗长。
翻译:他们需要一个言辞简单明了而且准确的倡导者,所以他们排除了MCL,因为这个人惯于讲话冗长这一点直接阻碍了达到他们需求的标准。
81-5 The perennial problem for critics of nineteenth-century novelist Charlotte Yonge is the relationship of her realism to her (i)_____. While admiring her complex psychological portraits and detailed descriptions of quotidian family life, readers since her own time have tended to fault her improbable manipulation of plot to teach a moral lesson. Indeed, many critics (ii)_____ her because of her willingness to (iii)_____.
A. pessimism
D. dismiss
G. squander suspense
B. didacticism
E. applaud
H. sacrifice credibility
C. eclecticism
F. underestimate
I. deflate pretension
解析:第一空对应点在后文的teach a moral lesson,因为这个题只提到了“真实”和“说教”这两个特征,所以第一空选B选项。indeed是对前文内容的强调,所以第二空必然是负评价,所以第二空选D选项,第三空对应improbable manipulation of plot,不合理地操纵情节,所以最好的答案是H选项。didacticism教训主义,dismiss不理睬,sacrifice credibility牺牲可信度。
翻译:关于十九世纪小说家CY的真实主义和说教主义的关系问题成为了她的批判家们长久以来的问题。尽管读者们敬佩她笔下复杂的心理描写和细致入微的寻常生活描写,但从他存在的那个时期开始的的读者就对他不合理的教导道德课程的情节操纵颇有微词。的确,很多文学批判学家都对他置之不理,因为他情愿牺牲故事的可信度。
86-6 Persian prose writers from the second half of the twelfth century onward were characteristically (i)_____ the literary form of their works, a fact that some scholars have perceived as a derogation of those works’ content. It may be better interpreted as (ii)_____ the development of an awareness of authorship, for the awareness of authorship (iii)_____ the awareness of form.
A. ambivalent about
D. a retreat from
G. evolves through
B. indifferent to6
E. an indication of
H. extends beyond
C. preoccupied with
F. a justification for
I. holds back
90-1 He defended the government’s equivocations regarding the mysterious contrail as resulting not from           as critics say, but from a benightedness about its own doings that is almost inevitable, given the multitudinousness of its agencies.
A. obtuseness
B. mendacity
C. abnegation
D. guilelessness
E. trenchancy
解析:not...but...这个短语说明要选一个理由,这个理由是很多人认为政府含糊其辞的原因,而后文说政府含糊其辞的原因是benightedness“无知”,所以前文对应最好的选项就是无知的广义反义词,也就是B选项。mendacity谎言。
翻译:他支持政府关于这种神秘的航迹云的闪烁其词,他认为这种闪烁其词不是评论家所说的政府在撒谎,而是政府对于几乎是必然的航迹云的行为的无知,因为它(航迹云)的动机的多样性。

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发表于 2018-11-9 18:22:37 | 显示全部楼层
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